Fast facts on Nigeria
Background: Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999 and a peaceful transition to civilian government completed. The new president faces the daunting task of rebuilding a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, the Obasanjo administration must defuse longstanding ethnic and religious tensions, if it is to build a sound foundation for economic growth and political stability.
Area: 923,768 square miles, roughly twice the size of California
Population: 129,934,911 - Africa's most populous country
Infant mortality rate: 72 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Under-5 mortality rate: 187 deaths/1,000 children (1998)
15- to 24-year-olds living with HIV/AIDS: 5.1%
Life expectancy at birth: 51 years
Total fertility rate: 5.5 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Ethnic groups: Nigeria is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo 18%.
Religions: Muslim 50%, Christian 40% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 10%
Languages: 470, though 96% of population uses 21 major languages including English (the country's official language), Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. The JESUS film is translated into 132 languages. There are 66 JESUS film teams in Nigeria, and about 400,000 people are exposed to the gospel every month.
Campus Crusade for Christ ministry: 88 full-time staff members (79 are Nigerian nationals). Ministries include:
Literacy: 57 % (definition: age 15 and over can read and write)
Economy - overview: The oil-rich Nigerian economy, long hobbled by political instability, corruption, and poor macroeconomic management, is undergoing substantial economic reform under the new civilian administration. Nigeria's former military rulers failed to diversify the economy away from overdependence on the capital-intensive oil sector, which provides 20% of GDP, 95% of foreign exchange earnings, and about 65% of budgetary revenues. The largely subsistence agricultural sector has not kept up with rapid population growth, and Nigeria, once a large net exporter of food, now must import food. In 2000, Nigeria is likely to receive a debt-restructuring deal with the Paris club and a $1 billion loan from the IMF, both contingent on economic reforms. Increased foreign investment combined with high world oil prices should push growth to over 5% in 2000-01.
GDP - per capita: $840 (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line: 45% (2000 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 15%
Unemployment rate: 28% (1992 est.)